About Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority), (Amharic: አዲስ አበባ? Addis AbäbaIPA: [adˈdis ˈabəba], “new flower”; OromoFinfinne[fɪnˈfɪ́n.nɛ́] “Natural Spring(s)”), is the capital city of Ethiopia. Founded in 1886, it is the largest city in Ethiopia.

As a chartered city (ras gez astedader), Addis Ababa has the status of both a city and a state. It is where the African Union is and its predecessor the OAU was based. It also hosts the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and numerous other continental and international organizations. Addis Ababa is therefore often referred to as “the political capital of Africa” due to its historical, diplomatic and political significance for the continent.

The city is populated by people from different regions of Ethiopia – the country has as many as 80 nationalities speaking 80 languages and belonging to a wide variety of religious communities. It is home to Addis Ababa University. The Federation of African Societies of Chemistry (FASC) and Horn of Africa Press Institute (HAPI) are also headquartered in Addis Ababa.

General Facts

Time Zone GMT + 3
Currency Birr
Exchange rate US$ 1 = 21.46 Birr, but it varies from time to time. For up-to-date rates, visit: www.nbe.gov.et
Official languages The working Federal language is Amharic but English is commonly spoken, especially in the service industry.
Electricity 220 V AC, 50 Hz, Power Socket type –  C/E/F/L
Religion Christianity & Islam
International Dialing code +251
Ambulance, Fire and Police 911 or 991
Travel Ethiopia Hotlines Tel: +251-11-5508870

Geography

Addis Ababa lies at an elevation of 2,300 meters (7,500 ft.) and is a grassland biome; located at 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E coordinates: 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E.The city lies at the foot of Mount Entoto and forms part of the watershed for the Awash. From its lowest point, around Bole International Airport, at 2,326 meters (7,631 ft.) above sea level in the southern periphery, the city rises to over 3,000 meters (9,800 ft.) in the Entoto Mountains to the north.

Subdivision

The city is divided into 10 boroughs named sub cities and known as Addis Ketema, Akaky Kaliti, Arada, Bole, Gullele, Kirkos, Kolfe Keranio, Lideta, Nifas Silk-Lafto  and Yeka

Climate

Addis Ababa has a subtropical highland climate  The city has a complex mix of highland climate zones, with temperature differences of up to 10 °C (18 °F), depending on elevation and prevailing wind patterns. The high elevation moderates temperatures year-round, and the city’s position near the equator means that temperatures are very constant from month to month.

The short rainy season is from February to May. During this period, the difference between the daytime maximum temperatures and the night-time minimum temperatures is not as great as during other times of the year, with minimum temperatures in the range of 10–15 °C (50–59 °F). At this time of the year the city experiences warm temperatures and a pleasant rainfall.

Government of Ethiopia

The government of Ethiopia is structured in a framework of a federal parliamentary republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. The prime minister is chosen by the parliament. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. The Judiciary is more or less independent of the executive and the legislature. They are governed under the 1995 Constitution of Ethiopia. There is a bicameral parliament made of the 108-seat house of federation and the 547-seat House of Peoples Representatives. The house of federation has members chosen by the state assemblies to serve five year terms. The house of people’s representatives is elected by direct election, which in turn elect the president for a six-year term.

Shopping

Addis Ababa offers a great shopping experience with its shopping districts and streets. Tourists will find Ethiopian crafts, jewelry, clothes, fresh exotic fruits and vegetables. The main shopping districts in Addis Ababa are Piazza and around Churchill Avenue. Piazza is believed to be one of the favorite shopping places among women as there are many jewelry shops, boutiques, shoe stores and shops where you can buy all types of African goods. At Churchill Avenue, you can find beautiful Ethiopian crafts like statues, embroidery, and pottery, handmade and household goods. The Addis Ababa merkato is the largest outdoor market in Africa and you can get anything from tourist goods such as t-shirts, wood crafts, and fabric and metal goods. Haggling and bargaining are standard procedure. You will be able to negotiate lower prices if you can avoid brokers.

There are many shopping malls in the city where you can buy modern and traditional wares.

Source – http://addisababaonline.com/shopping-in-addis-ababa/